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Book review

Emerging techniques in spine surgery
Arvind Bhave (Ed).

By Daniel Gastambide

This is the first book that deals with all the endoscopic techniques, namely endoscopic spine surgery with 4-6mm diameter working tubes, vertebroplasty, interspinous implants, nucleus arthroplasty and laminoplasty.
A special chapter focuses on spinal tumour surgery while Anthony Yeung describes foraminal endoscopic surgery in detail and we learn more about Interlaminar discectomy, a new approach improved by Gun Choi. A targetted fragmentectomy technique is recommended for extra-foraminal disc herniations.
Ho-Yeon Lee and Sang-Ho Lee write about percutaneous endoscopic thoracic discectomy and percutaneous endoscopic cervical discectomy. Sri Kantha and Brinda Kantha explain cervical and lumbar facet joint denervation by radiofrequency and laser. These two authors have added another chapter about thoracic and lumbar sympathectomy using the same method as previously described.
Arvind Bhave illustrates vertebroplasty with good pictures.
Single balloon kyphoplasty using a far lateral extrapedicular approach is described by Chun-Kun Park’s team while Darwono A. Bambang provides an outline of vesselplasty. It consits of a kind of vertebral stent, which seems very efficient, fairly straightforward to use and very affordable.
A special chapter by Rick C. Sasso and James E. Lashley deals with arthroplasty, namely cervical disc arthroplasty with many details about the different kinds of prosthesis. Harsh Priyadarshi and Ashish Diwan cover the TDR with a biomechanical approach. Another section deals with total posterior arthroplasty. It shows how this system provides an alternative to fusion in mono-segmental stenosis.
Charles Dean Ray and Orson James May having been working for the past twenty years on nucleus arthroplasty devices, they provide a list of twelve different kinds of systems. The world of interspinous implants is covered by Marek Szpalski and Robert Gunzberg with only four kinds of implants as examples.
Ho-Yeon Lee and Sang-Ho Lee deal with interspinous locker fixation using artificial ligaments. Alexander R. Vaccaro discusses pedicular screw-based dynamic stabilization with different systems (Graf®, Dynesys®) and describes 8 other options.
Sang-Ho Lee, Jun-Ho Lee and Ho-Yeon Lee describe multi-level oblique corpectomy without fusion. Tataru Shiraishi gives an outline of selective laminoplasty including skip laminectomy. The chapter about video-assisted thoracoscopic fusion is well-documented by Hee-Kit Wong and Gabriel K.P. Liu.
Cervical pedicle screw fixation is explained by Kuniyoshi Abumi. Further on, Christian Mazel describes tumorectomies by using a minimal invasive approach. Jin-Fu Lin and Myun-San Moon explain symptomatic “vacuum phenomenon” of lumbar discs.

S. Rajasekaran writes about tuberculosis with kyphosis.
This book is a very precise summary of the multiple techniques, which are developing all around the world and it should allow to foster exchange between surgeons, to improve their techniques and the patients’ treatment outcomes. This book is therefore a must-have for all spine surgeons.

Emerging Techniques in Spine Surgery
Arvind Bhave (Ed.) 2009, 286 p.; CD ROM; Hardcover. 100,00 US$. Jaypee Brothers Medical
Publishers Ltd, New Delhi. ISBN: 978-81-8448-696-4

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